The article discusses the controversial question about date of creation of desctruction battalions in 1941. According to the author, the state of knowledge of this question cannot be considered satisfactory. From the beginning of the sixties of the last century, officially the creation of desctruction battalions throughout the USSR is considered to be June 24, 1941. Based on family archive documents related to the life and service of Yevgeny Vasilyevich Talanin (1926-1999), the author questions the correctness of this date. Analysis of the content of documents published for the first time in this article suggests that for the Moscow region (within the boundaries of 1941) the date of creation of desctruction battalions in its territories does not coincide with June 24, 1941. It can be said with confidence that the desctruction battalions in the Moscow region created at least 1.5 months before the official start of the war. The establishment of a more accurate date and all the circumstances of the formation of desctruction battalions requires further study of archival materials. However, the data already obtained by the author suggest the following. The formation of desctruction battalions indicates that the statement about the alleged inaction and the «complete unpreparedness» of the Soviet leadership for war does not correspond to the truth. The purpose of desctruction battalions was originally defensive in nature, the fact of their early creation refutes the assumptions about the allegedly aggressive nature of Soviet military preparations.
The author considers the problem of the emergence of Russian military special forces. It is emphasized that the overwhelming majority of specialists trying to investigate the history of military special units do not advance deeper than the Petrine era. The point of view of some historians who claim that military special forces appeared in Russia not earlier than 1701, being borrowed from the West, is declared untenable. The article examines the most ancient written references to actions in the composition of the Russian troops special forces units. Investigated the continuity of military special forces in the twentieth century. An overview of such military units since 1701 is given. The author found that the first written mention of the Russian military special forces dates back to 1128. It must be understood that in reality the special forces history must be traced at least from the 11th century, since sufficient time was needed for the formation and development of special units. In the chronicles of XII c. found three references to military units, which are the prototype of the later military special forces. Until the middle of XIII c. special forces existed in the armies of all Russian principalities, while for the period of XIII-XV centuries they are documented only in Veliky Novgorod. It is from the structure of the Old Russian military special forces, according to the author, the famous Novgorod ushkuynik movement emerges. This article allows you to add a number of interesting pages in the glorious military history of our Fatherland.
The process of informatization of human society is briefly considered, as well as the main features and stages of the creation on the basis of modern informatics of post-human society based on the ideology of transhumanism. It has been shown that transhumanism is a neo-religion and in the political aspect is a classic communism. The book is designed for professionals and students in the fields of information technology, as well as for anyone interested in the history of cybernetics and the philosophy of science.
The book is a continuation of the research by author of the genealogy of Russian princely/boyar genus of Niskinich who are descendants of the last Grand Prince of «Drevlyan land» Niszkinya/Mal and his son Dobrynia (uncle of Grand Prince Vladimir I Svyatoslavich). The genealogy of South Russian (Galician) branch of the genus in XI-XIII centuries which was founded by Novgorod boyar Vysheslav (Vyacheslav/Vyshata) Ostromirich was restored. It is shown that the well-known Galician boyars, “kormilchich’s” of the early 13th century, belonged to this genus. It is determined that in first half of XIII century some members of Novgorod Nuskinich genus moved to the Hungarian kingdom. The genealogy of the Hungarian branch of Niskinich’s clan in XIII-XV centuries, founded by four sons of Novgorod boyar Sbyslav Stepanich, was restored. In particular, the origin from Niskinich of the Hungarian genus Tisza (Tisza) is shown. The information about the real and hypothetical descendants of Hungarian Niskinich’s in XV-XVI centuries are shown. The book is designed for both professional historians, genealogists and students, as well as for anyone interested in Russian history.
Note: the book won the third prize in the competition of scientific and educational publications «Scientific Vertical — 2018» (St. Petersburg, Russia) in the nomination «The Best Scientific Monograph 2016-2017» section «Public (historical) science».
The initial stage of the genealogy of the Bogorodsky clans of the Tretyakovs and Popovs was restored. It is shown that these genera come from one common ancestor with Talanins.
The book is dedicated to restoration of genealogy of the boyars genus from the «Nerevo end» of Veliky Novgorod: Niskinichy (X-XII centuries), Malyshevichy (XII-XIII centuries), Mishinichy-Ontsiforovichy (XIII-XVI centuries). It is shown that his ancestors are the last hereditary Grand Prince of «Drevlyan land» (the “state of Dir” of Arab sources) Niszkinya and his son Dobrynya (uncle of Grand Prince Vladimir I Svyatoslavich), who became the prototype of the epic hero «Dobrynia Nikitich». It is established that after XVI century several provincial Russian clans became descendants of this aristocratic family: Talanins, Ponomarevs, Proskurnikovs (Nizhny Novgorod gubernia), Lentyevs, Molodykh Boyar, Kologrivovs, Amosovs (Arkhangelsk gubernia). The book is designed for both professional historians, genealogists and students, as well as for anyone interested in Russian history.
In book has restored the detailed genealogy of the Bogorodsk genus of Talanins, to which the author belongs, from 1570s to 1920s. Also restored the initial history of the Bogorodsk city in XVI century.
The process of informatization society as well as the main aspects creation of «electronic man» are shown.